PhD in Germany: Deadlines, Colleges, Fees 2023, Jobs and Salaries (2023)

PhD in Germany is offered for a period of 3-5 years in many fields of Humanities, Social Sciences, Biosciences, Natural Science and Economics. The minimum requirements for PhD in Germany are a master's and bachelor's degree with above average GPA (80%) from a recognized university. The programs are offered in mainly English but some also require German proficiency such as DSH-2, or the Goethe certificate C2 – Great German Language Diploma.

The top universities in Germany for PhD in Germany offer the program without tuition fees and others levy minimal semester ticket fees of around 250 EUR (22,000 INR). Graduates of PhD in Germany are employed at several companies with high salaries at an average of EUR 75,962 (INR 66,92,965). Some of the top companies employing PhD graduates in Germany are Mercedes Ben and Juniper.

PhD in Germany: Course Highlights

Program TypeDoctoral programme
Program Duration3-5 years
Eligibility CriteriaMaster from a recognized university
English Proficiency RequirementsTOEFL 88-100, IELTS 6.5-7.0
Tuition Fee RangeSemester Ticket Fees of around 250 EUR (22,000 INR)
Average Salary50,000 EUR- 110,000 EUR (44-97 Lakh INR)
Top EmployersMercedes Benz, Uniper

Table of Contents

  1. PhD in Germany: Top Universities
  2. Why study PhD in Germany?
  3. PhD in Germany: Specializations and Syllabus
  4. PhD in Germany: Admissions
    3.1 Eligibility Criteria
    3.2 Admission Requirements
  5. PhD in Germany: Cost of Studying
    4.1 Tuition Fee
    4.2 Cost of Living in Germany
  6. PhD in Germany: Scholarships
  7. PhD in Germany: Job Opportunities
  8. PhD in Germany: ROI
  9. PhD in Germany: Degree Comparison
  10. FAQs

PhD in Germany: Top Universities

Many universities offer PhD programs in Germany. Many of these universities offer programs without tuition fees with various disciplines available. The applicants have to ensure that a vacancy slot is available for the particular subject before applying.

UniversityProgramDeadlinesTotal Tuition Fees (EUR )
Ludwig Maximilian University of MunichMedicine,Learning Sciences, Clinical Pharmacy, Oral Sciences,15 July 2023152.30
Technology University of MunichMedical Life Science and Technology15 May 2023152.30
Humboldt University Of BerlinBusiness studies, Theology15 February 2023240.64
Bonn Graduate school of economicDoctoral Program (PhD) with integrated MSc Economic Research31 March 20231,200
Freie University of BerlinHumanities and social sciencesFebruary 17, 2023237.89
RWTH Aachen UniversityHumanities, natural sciencesJune 15, 2023317.51
University of GoettingenMedicine, theologyJanuary 15300
University of FreiburgHumanities, Natural SciencesRolling Basis644

Why study PhD in Germany?

Germany is a top choice for aspiring students for PhD studies. Germany offers many options for the same and students can avail the benefits with a lesser spend of money. It is a good choice because of the following reasons:

(Video) When to Apply for German Universities Admissions for Winter Semester 2023! Application Deadlines

  1. Germany offers good infrastructure and facilities for research in various disciplines.
  2. According to the German Federal Statistical Office, the number of international PhD students in Germany has been steadily increasing in recent years. The largest groups of international doctoral students were from China (8,367), India (6,466), and Iran (2,931).
  3. The fields of study with the highest number of international doctoral students were engineering (11,302), natural sciences (9,774), and medicine (6,417).
  4. Germany is known for its high-quality education system, and its universities are well-regarded globally. German universities have a long tradition of producing excellent research, and many Nobel laureates have come from German universities.
  5. The average salary of a PhD graduate in Germany is EUR 75,962 ( INR 66,92,965)

Explore: Part-time jobs in Germany

PhD in Germany: Specializations and Syllabus

Various disciplines are offered as Phd programs in German universities. These universities often offer the program for a period of 3-5 years.

PhD in Germany is offered either as an individual doctorate or a structured doctorate. Individual doctorate programs are offered for 3-5 years and this has to be completed individually under the supervision of a professor. In structured doctorate programs, a group of supervisors mentor a group of students in particular subjects. Some also offer integrated programs with Master's and PhD programs.

PhD programs in Germany are offered in various disciplines. The most common subjects are computer science, economics, Business, Science and Mathematics. Several programs are available in a broad range of subjects like Humanities, social science, natural science, bioscience, and economics.

PhD in Germany: Admissions

Admission to colleges for PhD programs in Germany is based on their previous academic qualifications. Most of them do not require GRE/GMAT scores. The applicants have to submit all the required documents. Some of them require the documents to be sent through the mail.

PhD in Germany: Eligibility Criteria

Admission to PhD in Germany requires applicants to submit all the required documents within the time frame. Before submitting the application, the students have to first find a supervisor to guide them. After this, they can submit the application for PhD approval.

  • Academic Degree- Master's degree from a recognized university
  • Minimum GPA- average score
  • GRE Score- A minimum GRE score of 160 is required.
  • English Proficiency Test Score- TOEFL 88-100, IELTS 6.5-7.0
  • Statement of Purpose(SOP)- A one page essay showing your interest in the university you are applying to and your future plans in the field.
  • Letters of Recommendation(LOR)- 2 LORs are required to be submitted

Explore: Exams to study in Germany

PhD in Germany: Admission Requirements

The admission requirements for different universities offering PhD in Germany are listed below. Since some universities offer the program in German, a German proficiency proof might be required for application.

UniversityAcademic RequirementTOEFL ScoreIELTSAdditional Documents (Work Experience, Resume, essay, SOP and LOR)
Ludwig Maximilian University of MunichAn above-average university Master's degree796.5Transcripts, Proof of internships/ work experience, Letter of motivation, 1 LOR , CV, Research Proposal
Technical University of MunichMSc or equivalent degree in medicine, biology, engineering, psychology, medicine, or a related subject886.5Academic transcripts, Personal data, Letter of Motivation
Humboldt University Of BerlinDegree equivalent to the university degreeNANAGerman Language Placement Test: 61, Academic transcripts, Written Letter of commitment , Copy of supervision agreement, CV
Bonn graduate school of economicsBachelor's or Master's degree in economics or a related discipline1007.0GRE 160, Academic transcripts , CV, 2 LOR, Letter of motivation
Freie University of BerlinA recognized German university degree or equivalent1006.5SOP, LOR, Academic transcripts, Certificate of university study eligibility, A valid form of identification
RWTH Aachen UniversityMasters degree in a recognized institute or equivalent with excellent GPANANAGerman Language Proficiency, Academic transcripts and translations, Confirmation of supervision, Admission letter to doctoral studies, CV
University of GoettingenMasters degree with minimum GPA of 2.5NANAGerman Language Proficiency, Academic transcripts, Proof of German proficiency
University of FreiburgMasters from a recognized instituteNANATranscripts, CV, SOP, LOR

PhD in Germany: Cost of study

Most of the universities offering PhD programs in Germany offer them free of cost. Only a minimal amount is asked as a combined fee of semester ticket and social contribution fees. Thus, students only have to worry about the cost of living. The average cost for studies thus totals to EUR 1021.88 (INR 90887.56). Many universities also offer funding and scholarships for different programs.

(Video) 100% Fully funded DAAD EPOS Scholarship in Germany 2023/2024 | Masters & PhD | All you need to know

PhD in Germany: Tuition Fees

Most of the PhD programs in Germany are offered free of cost. A minimal fee is required as semester fees. This averages to EUR 222.88 ( INR 19823.29).

PhD in Germany: Deadlines, Colleges, Fees 2023, Jobs and Salaries (1)

UniversityTotal Tuition Fees (EUR)Fee for Indian Students (INR)
Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich152.3013,557
Technology University of Munich152.3013,557
Humboldt University Of Berlin240.6421,420
Bonn Graduate School of Economics1,2001.06 Lakh
Freie University of Berlin237.8921,175
RWTH Aachen University317.5128,263
University of Goettingen30026,704
University of Freiburg64457,326

Explore: Germany study Visa

Cost of living in Germany

The average cost of living in Germany is around EUR 850 (~74,000 INR) per month or EUR 10,236 (~8.9 lakh INR) per year. The following is the breakdown of expenses you may incur in Germany as an international student.

Expense TypeAverage Monthly Expense (EUR)Cost for Indian Students (INR)
Health Insurance968,400
Personal Expenses655,700

PhD in Germany: Deadlines, Colleges, Fees 2023, Jobs and Salaries (2)

Phd in Germany: Scholarships

Scholarships and grants are offered by universities, and private and public institutions. This is offered such that they cover the required PhD expenses.

ScholarshipAwarded by (private/government/university)EligibilityAward Value
Study grants from foundation funds of the LMU MunichLudwig Maximilian University of MunichWorth and needy studentsVaries
The Marianne-Plehn-Program to support doctoral candidates in BavariaStudienstiftungDoctoral applicants of a Bavarian UniversityNot mentioned
Elsa-Neumann-ScholarshipsFree University of BerlinDoctoral students who showcased excellent performance in an undergraduate degreeEUR 1,350
BGSE grantsBonn Graduate school of economicsDoctoral students showing exceptional performanceEUR 1,300
Advanced Research Opportunities Program (AROP)RWTH Aachen UniversityDoctoral candidates of international universities interested in partnering with RWTH Aachen universityEUR 1,000
Education FundRWTH Aachen UniversityDoctoral students of the universityEUR 300
Research GrantsDAADDoctoral candidates or students in German UniversitiesEUR 1,200 ( and other allowances)
(Video) PhD in Germany (2023)

PhD in Germany: Jobs and Placement opportunities

After PhD in Germany, graduates are hired by many top companies. They can also be hired as an academician. But as a matter of fact, joining industries offers better prospects than in the academic industry.

PhD in Germany: Deadlines, Colleges, Fees 2023, Jobs and Salaries (3)

ProfessionAverage Salary (EUR )Salary for Indian Student (INR)
Academics51,00044.93 Lakh
Engineer61,00053.74 Lakh
Research scientist59,84652.72 Lakh
Economist46,25541.17 Lakh
Postdoctoral Research Associate50,96445.36 Lakh

Explore: Jobs for International Students in Germany

PhD in Germany: Return on Investment

Since most of the PhD programs in Germany are offered without levying tuition fees, the cost-benefit ratio is quite profitable. Also, most graduates are offered high-paying salaries.

UniversityTotal Tuition Fee (EUR )Average Graduate Salary Per Year (EUR )
Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich15.23086,000
Technology University of Munich152.30126,000
Humboldt University Of Berlin240.6469,000
Bonn Graduate School of Economics33096,000
Freie University of Berlin237.8978,000
RWTH Aachen University317.5151,600
University of Goettingen300127,000
University of Freiburg644179,000

PhD in Germany: Degree Comparison

The following tables show a basic difference between PhD in Germany and PhD in Canada on the basis of average tuition fees, cost of living, average annual salary earned, English proficiency requirement among other parameters.

ParameterPhD in GermanyPhD in Canada
Duration3-5 years4-6 years
Average tuition feesFree of Cost Minimal semester ticket fees of around 250 EUR (22,000 INR)7,000 CAD- 20,000 CAD (4-12 Lakh INR)
Cost of living (per month)850 EUR (75,633 INR)1430 CAD (86,277 INR)
VisaSchengen VisaStudy permit
Average Salary50,000 EUR- 110,000 EUR (44-97 Lakh INR)80,000 CAD- 120,000 CAD (48-72 Lakh INR)
Top SpecializationsBusiness, computer scienceBusiness, engineering
English language proficiency testsIELTS: 6.5 or above TOEFL: 100+IELTS: 6.5 or above TOEFL: 90+

PhD is offered in many Universities in Germany. These are often offered free of cost and for a duration of 3-5 years. There are various sources of funding available for PhD students in Germany, including scholarships, research grants, and employment contracts as research assistants. Germany is a great choice for PhD studies as many opportunities are offered after graduation at high-paying salaries. Completing a PhD in Germany can open up many career opportunities in academia, research, and industry both in Germany and internationally. It can also provide valuable skills and experience in critical thinking, research methodology, and project management.
: Post Study Work Permit in Germany for Indian students


Ques. Is the PhD program free in Germany?

Ans. Most of the PhD programs in Germany are offered free of cost. Support for the PhD programs is also provided by the universities and various private and public funding institutes. Thus students only have to bear the cost of living for completing PhD programs in Germany.

Ques. Do PhD students get paid in Germany?

Ans.Many universities provide stipends and grants for PhD students. They are also provided associated jobs while pursuing their research to support their work

Ques.Is it easy to get a PhD in Germany?

Ans.Getting enrolled for PhD studies could be difficult for many students. Students have to find the appropriate colleges and find a supervisor who is ready to undertake them before filing the application.

Ques.How many years is a PhD in Germany?

Ans.Though typically most PhD programs are listed for a period of 5 years, it can extend to more years based on the time taken for completing the project and studies. Thus, the total number of years can vary according to students, universities as well as the supervisor guiding the students.

(Video) MOVE TO EUROPE FOR FREE: Get Paid to Research | Fully funded PhD with salary in EU

Ques.Do I need a GRE for PhD in Germany?

Ans.Most universities do not make it necessary to attend a GRE before application to PhD programs in Germany. To ensure this, students have to go through the application requirements of the specific program of all universities.


1. Masters in Germany (2023)
(DAAD India)
2. PhD/Job opportunities in RWTH university Germany | Fully funded PhD in Germany | PhD from Germany
(Yourpedia Education)
3. PhD In Germany - Complete Details
(Biotecnika CSIR NET Life Science Exam GATE DBT BET)
4. Apply to these DAAD Courses in January - March 2023 - Financial aid
(Eugene Brown)
(Nikhilesh Dhure Germany)
(Bernice Boakye)


Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Carlyn Walter

Last Updated: 05/08/2023

Views: 6202

Rating: 5 / 5 (70 voted)

Reviews: 93% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Carlyn Walter

Birthday: 1996-01-03

Address: Suite 452 40815 Denyse Extensions, Sengermouth, OR 42374

Phone: +8501809515404

Job: Manufacturing Technician

Hobby: Table tennis, Archery, Vacation, Metal detecting, Yo-yoing, Crocheting, Creative writing

Introduction: My name is Carlyn Walter, I am a lively, glamorous, healthy, clean, powerful, calm, combative person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.